Foods From Our Warm Temperate Permaculture Site
Edible flowers: Sage: pineapple and fruit salad sage (our favourites), Pumpkin (Curcurbits), Sunflower (flowerhead can be baked whole), Magnolia, Artichokes, Elderflowers (this needs frost for good scent), Bluebells, Calendulas, Cornflowers, Hibiscus, pelagoniums, Garland, Nasturtiums, Chrysanthemums (medicinal), Citrus flowers, Brassica flowers (such as brocolli and turnip flowers), Borage, Amaranthus, Violets, Fushia, Gladioli, Banana (cooked after treated by soaking). Banana flower, zucinni flowers.
Sweetners, Useful Plants, Antiseptic Tea: Sugarcane, Flax, Tea tree, Lemon, Scented tea tree, violets, Orris Root (Melalueca (Leptospermum alternifolia) Petersonii), Lemon grass, Sweet fennel (dulcis var.), Alpine strawberry leaves, Chamomile.
Poultry feed and medicine: Protein (snails and insects) for healthy diet, Pigeon Pea, wormwood, Accacia, pumpkin, longifolia, clover seed, cleavers, grasses and dandelion weeds, melon and garlic ramblers – after harvest sunflowers, fennel, Evening primrose seeds. Geese are mostly vegetarian (they need fish oil sometimes for medicine). They love eating bamboo leaves and banana leaves and stools, so we fell them after picking and slice the stem open. Maidera vine is feed to the poultry and seed is placed in areas of infestation to encourage the chickens to scratch and disturb young tubers.
Edible Groundcovers: Yarrow (medicinal), Chamomile (medicinal tea), strawberries, New Zealand Spinach, mint, woodruff (flavouring), prostrate grevillia (nectar for cordial), Marjoram.
Shrubs: Blueberries, Hazelnut, Tamarillo, Coffee, Tea, Native Raspberries (pictured). .
Tall grasses, herbs and canes: Blueberries, raspberries, Taro, Beans, Peas, Monstera, Spinach, Milo (type of Sorghum), Popping Sorghum, Corn, Wheat, Rye, wormwood, perenial Capsicum, Bush Tomatoes, Sage, Oregano, Sugarcane, Banana.
Vines: passionfruit (sweet and banana), Kiwifruit (1 male, 2 female), Basella, varieties of grape.
Edible Trees: Blue Lilly pilly, Pigeon Pea – soil conditioner edible fruit, Indigenous, and edible pods windbreak, birds. Mulberry alba and nigra – choose different varieties. Moreton Bay fig, Sandpaper Banana – fruits fig, Bunya pine (huge tree with large and dangerous fruits up to 35kg each, do not plant near homes or paths), Monstera Deliociosa – (many Australians call this Monsterio), Chestnut Avocado – easily grown from seed, Walnut, Lemon – grow from seed, Chinotto Orange, Native or introducd Hibiscus (flowers) – seed or cutting, Mango, Olives – cutting or seed, Macadamia, Illawarra Plum, Mountain Paw Paw, Damson (Babaco, also known as champagne fruit), Pistachio, Hazelnut, Almond, Saba Nut, Pecan (need male and female), Pear, Rambutan, Grapefruit, Native Guava, Persimmon, Orange (including Seville and Valencia orange), Mandarine (try to obtain early, middle and late varities), Cherry (best in temperate areas, may need anti-aivary), Barbados Cherry (suits subtropics), Feijoa, Ice Cream Bean, Apple.
Smaller harvest from these below- Arbutus unedo – Irish suitable for large sites - increases diversity strawberry tree, Jak fruit, Japanese Raisan Tree, Linden, Gingko Lemonade, Italian Pine, Medlar, Stone Pine, Natal Cherry, Date Palm, Nashi Wine Palm, Lychee, Walking stick Palm, Cabbage Tree Palm (indigenous), Pomelo, Wild Date Palm (also windbreak), Carob (in a dry micro-climate), Silver Birch (edible syrup), Pomegrantes, Sugar Maple, Magnolia (edible flowers) windbreak.
Fruit Fly prone trees [Must be planted within chicken forage areas] Quince, Plum, Custard Apple, Paw Paw – papaya, apricot, Peach, Loquat, Nectarine.
Useful Trees (all indigenous species support beneficial micro-organisms) All trees part of wind channelling toward windmill and away from housing Illawarra Flame (indigenous) flowers, birds, native bees, mulch, windbreak, deep rooted. Red Cedar (Toona Australis) rare indigenous tree, suited to wetter zone, deciduous, good windbreak. Plant only one by itself. Small grevillia, steep flowers for cordial, bird attractant and other Natural insect predators. Banksia Cauarina – nitrogen fixing. Lemon Scented tea tree -tea, antiseptic, bee forage. Grevillia robusta – timber and bee and edible nectar. Elm – 2 varieties or more. Boobialla (soft edible fruit) bird attractant, bushy, windbreak and screen. Agati (African tree has edible leaves and pods).
Acacia longifolia (edible seed) leaves for chicken and stock, soil conditioner, windbreak. A. acuminata (seed) A. Coriacea (seed) A. Holosericea (seed) A. Kempeana (seed and witchety grub) A. Notabilis (seed) A. Oswaldi (seed) A. Retinodes (seed) A. Victoriae (seed) A. Aneura (seed and edible Galls), Acacia main winter forage for bees, good pioneer species, soil conditioning and kindling for wood fire. Blueberry Ash (indigenous). Pine leaf Gebung (winter bee forage).